Teenagers and a bright smile

How the teenagers preserve their teeth bright and healthy?

The best way to keep a nice smile and healthy teeth is to continue on the adolescence to maintain the oral hygiene learned in childhood. Whether or not you wear an orthodontic appliance or device, the following are important:

  • Daily brushing with a fluoride toothpaste recommended by your dentist to remove plaque. This is the main cause of tooth decay and gum disease.
  • Using dental floss daily to remove plaque between teeth and from the gumline (gum base). If plaque is not removed daily, it can harden forming the plaque – a hard deposit, persistent, yellowish, with anaesthetics look.
  • Limit sugary and starchy foods, especially sticky snacks.
  • Visits to the dentist for check-ups and professional cleaning.

What are the specific dental problems of adolescence?

  • Nutrition – Nutrition plays a key role in dental health. Sugars and starch snacks and drinks contribute to plaque build-up, destroying tooth enamel. Limit consumption of snacks and sugary drinks – every time you consume foods and drinks with sugars and starches, the teeth are under attack by acids continuously for at least 20 minutes. A balanced diet containing foods from the five groups can have a huge influence on dental health. For snacks, choose nutritious foods such as cheese, raw vegetables, plain yogurt or fruit.
  • Eating Disorders – Bulimia (recurrent episodes of excess supply and auto induction vomiting) and anorexia (exaggerated fear of fattening, often followed by vomiting) are serious problems that directly affect the appearance of teeth by eroding enamel. Your dentist can correct the deteriorated tooth enamel, but cannot treat eating disorders. These are life-threatening diseases that require psychiatric treatment for improving self-esteem and increasing self-confidence. If you know that you have these diseases- or think you may be suffering of an eating disorder, contact your family doctor.
  • Protection mouth guards – If you practice some sports, protective mouth guards are essential to protect teeth. These devices typically cover the upper teeth and to avoid breaking teeth and lip. If you wear orthodontic devices or another fixed dental appliance (bridge) on the lower jaw, your dentist will advise you to use a splint and protect the lower teeth.
  • Smoking – Among other health problems, smoking stains the teeth and gums; stains the plaque accumulated on teeth and causes a bad breath. Long term, chewing tobacco, cigarettes and cigars increase the risk of oral cancer and gum disease. If you are tobacco user, inform the family doctor and the dentist, and feel free to talk to them about any oral problems that you may have.

How can I whiten teeth?

  • Exterior stains caused by food and tobacco completely can be attenuated by professional cleaning, performed by a dentist or dental hygienist. The use of a toothpaste with whitening effect can reduce the surface stains between dental visits. If stains have been present for years, you need to have your teeth professionally whitened to get rid of persistent external stains.
  • Internal stains can be corrected by whitening, tooth veneering and coronal reconstitution. All these methods are safe and effective, but the choosing procedure applied is up to your dentist, depending on the condition of your teeth and the results desired.

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