Tartar is a block which is formed due to mineralization of the bacterial plaque over time.
It binds to the surface of teeth both supragingival and subgingival and on other tough areas such as dental crowns, fillings, dental work, dental implants, removable dentures, orthodontic braces. Tartar has a very big role in causing periodontal diseases.
What if the tartar is deposited?
Scaling on the tooth surfaces leads to gum inflammation (gingivitis), which is manifested by increased, redness, color change and bleeding of the gums. If plaque is not removed very quickly and remain adherent to teeth for longer periods, especially in subgingival regions, not only gums suffer, but even the bone. This, in an attempt to protect themselves from infection caused by bacteria, the gums are retreating and the phenomenon of mobility appear (teeth do not have a proper implantation). This will move harder and eventually will fall.
This occurrence is called periodontal disease (periodontitis) and is one of the most disastrous effects of tartar.
It is advisable to perform a dental cleaning every 6 months.